Thursday, September 2, 2010
Earth Bag Hot Tub
The end goal is to have a workable hot-tub that requires almost no maintenance or chemicals. As a friend pointed out: hot tubs are not usually thought of as minimalistic, however I believe that this will use less water overall than a standard shower... and will be more fun besides. I want to use earth bags to build most of the structure, all the stuff in brown in the diagram is to be made from earth bags. This will then be covered with a water barrier, cement, and a waterproof paint.
The idea is to make a kind of simulated creek. The sand filter at the top will consist of several levels of terraces each containing vermiculite, sand, charcoal, and gravel. I will probably plant something like bamboo or river-cane or sorghum in the terraces for both privacy and to remove nitrogen from the water. The vermiculite will maintain some moisture for the plants, the sand will filter sediment, the charcoal will remove chemicals and bacteria and the gravel will help drainage. The water will flow into the hot-tub from here, will be heated by the rocket stove, and will then overflow into the storage tank where it will be pumped back to the terracing at the top of the hill.
During the summer it will not need to be heated, but when it is there will be a valve between the sand filter and the hot tub that can be shut off. This will cause the water level to rise until it flows through the bypass leaving the hot-tub and the stove isolated so that I am not trying to heat the entire system. It is not shown in the diagram, but the chimney from the rocket stove can be run through the bench of the hot tub so that it heats the water more efficiently.
Another possibility would be to use compost to heat the water. Apparently a compost heap can reach internal temperatures of over 160 degrees F. This would basically be a pile of green wood-chips soaked in water for a few days and then shoveled into a cube made out of hay-bales until it makes a pile about 6ft tall. You run pipes through the compost and then pump water through the pipes to collect heat. From what I understand, this will continue to produce heat for several months at a time and you are left with a bunch of useful compost.
When not in use the water would be continuously cycling through the system providing constant filtration.